Art In Greece And Roman Empire
The ancient Greek and Roman art is called the classical art. The Romans learn most of the art from Greeks and helped to transmit to later periods.
The period of classical art appeared in Greek around the middle of the 5th century BC. The Greek artists had learned to make human forms but they were mainly interested in portraying the images of gods. They believe the destiny of human beings is controlled by different Gods and they act the same way as humans do. To please them they made buildings and various forms of art work and provide people places for worship. They believe Gods as perfect human beings so the sculptures made were given perfection like gods.
The sculptures were mainly made of two types of material. Stones especially marble were carved with hands with the help of metal tools. However they were not satisfied with the cold whiteness of marble so they used different colors to paint them. The paint was limited to depict the clothes and hairs while as skin was left as a natural color of stone. The higher status statues were made from bronze but didn’t survive for longer periods due to reusability of metal.
The vases were used for grave markers. Early vessels were simply decorated with geometric style. Later vases constructed the story of deceased on its outside.
The Roman art was highly influenced by Greek art and became inseparably interwoven with each other when Romans conquered the Greek. The period of Roman art lasted approximately from 100 B.C to 300 A.D. It consists of sculptures, murals, paintings and architecture. However, the important contribution of Roman art was in the field of architecture. Some of them were Basilicas (meeting places) pantheon (temple built for Roman Gods), colosseum (for all sorts of sporting events), triumphal arch and aqueduct system.
The Roman art was highly creative pastiche of Greek models, lack expression of great and noble ideas and emotions which was depicting in Greek art.
The art became fashion, lost its spirituality and used for decoration and ostentation. Since they borrowed their many elements of their religion from Greek, so they also copied the gods and goddesses of Greeks.
In paintings also Romans take their inspiration from Greeks and developed more original forms. They were more interested in physical outlook of a person in contrast to Greeks which were more interested in ideal forms. Although the Roman art loses in comparison with that of Greek, still it commands our admiration as it played major role for transmitting Greek art to us.