Mandatory Recycling In Canada
In the years that followed 1980, the population of Canada was growing at an alarming rate. This came with the increased production of solid waste materials. By then, the solid waste used to be collected and deposited in the land fields. These land fields in almost all the municipalities were filling up. This was a problem as more space was needed to cater for both the growing population and also for the increasing wastes due to the population. There was thus stress on the land. No more fields were available to create dumpling fields. Various municipalities in Canada started looking for ways of recycling wastes and reduce the amount of wastes that had to be taken to the waste dumping fields. The dumping sites were also producing about twenty-five percent of ethane gas. Ethane gas is a greenhouse gas and has a lot of adverse effects on the ozone layer. This large production due to the dumping fields needed to be addressed.
Canada was producing about 13.4 million tones of solid waste by the year 2001. Only twenty-seven of this was being recycled. Recycling programs began with the blue box in the Kitchener and Ontario cities. The test did bear fruits and was thus tried in cities in other homes. It was seen that the level of education and income did not influence the recycling program. So long as homes had access to the recycling blue boxes, they were pleased to use them. The congested households in the cities and towns were the ones affected by the lack of access to these recycling boxes. This was worse compared to the homes in the outskirts. This was however corrected by the authorities in the communities providing the recycling blue boxes. People were encouraged to recycle as much as possible. By the year 2004, solid trash was significantly reduced. Most of what was initially dumped in the open fields was now being offset by the recycling program.
Canada’s government involvement
The government was involved in the recycling programs. It sponsored campaigns that promoted recycling by giving information about the importance of recycling. It also made sure that the recycling equipments were available to the people so that they could take advantage of the programs. The factors that influence recycling include norms, willingness to recycle, access to recycling boxes, the distance of drop off and the ease of collection. The government aims to look at all these factors so as to reduce solid waste dumping.