Bill Hillier, Space Syntax, Movement, City Scale
Bill Hillier was among the first academicians to become concerned not only about buildings, but also about the space that they occupy. Creating accessible spaces means creating social and economic value. To put it simply, architecture on different scales influences how people move, transact, and interact. Bill Hillier further developed a scientific method called space syntax. In cooperation with experts in the field of architecture and design he established Space Syntax Laboratory and its commercial partner Space Syntax Limited. Both enterprises provide analytical services to public, private, and community agencies. Space Syntax Ltd. works within different scales starting from a building or a street and finishing with city planning and design. Consequently, the services range from architecture, and planning to urban economics. The services aim to demonstrate how physical and spatial conditions influence a multitude of social, economic, and environmental factors. After mentioned factors are analyzed through patterns of movement, property value and crime rates, urban planning strategies and site development strategies are produced that are to be used in realm of public design.
It is important to mention that the services are organized in a way to provide sustainability, accessibility, social cohesion and inclusion, safety and security. Overall, the use of mentioned methods and analytical tools allows improving social, economic, and environmental performance of the buildings and urban areas. Hence, space syntax as a method provides insights in sustainable development on several different levels, including planning, design, and operation. Space Syntax Ltd. takes those tasks further claiming that it is of paramount importance to deliver places that support various activities, helping people to make the best of the available space. So far, space syntax as an innovation and design method has been successfully used for a range of buildings, including healthcare and education facilities, workplaces, retail, cultural and transport buildings. In practice, Space Syntax Ltd. recognizes culture as an important part of planning, architecture and design. Each culture uses space differently and creates opportunities for interaction and exchange. Overall, it is essential to evaluate various spaces at every scale, as it improves our daily interactions and activities. Space syntax proved to be effective in that regard as it provides people-centered techniques in architecture, design, and operation.